2006 Faculty Books
Gordon M. Adams, Professor of the Practice of International Affairs
Transforming European Militaries: Coalition Operations and the Technology Gap, with Guy Ben-Ari
This book takes an in-depth look at European Network Enabled Capabilities [NEC] and their implications for transatlantic interoperability in future coalition operations. It examines both national, NATO and EU capabilities, and analyses these in the three technology areas most crucial for interoperability: command and control (C2), communications (including computers), and intelligence gathering and dissemination (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance — ISR — platforms, the sensors mounted on these, and systems for fusing and distributing the data collected), as well as looking at the doctrinal and strategic commitment to NEC. It examines the industrial base supporting European NEC and the international frameworks for improving interoperability through NEC technologies. Finally, it makes recommendations for policymakers on both sides of the Atlantic on ways to improve military interoperability in future coalition operations through better common use of NEC.
The book's uniqueness lies in the way it tackles the issues of the "technology gap" and transatlantic interoperability, namely via a thorough understanding of Europe's capabilities. Unlike other books dealing with these subjects — that reach conclusions and make recommendations based on broad overviews and assumptions regarding European capabilities — this one relies on extensive data gathered on seven European countries, on NATO, and on the EU, and bases its findings on this data. Furthermore, it is the first book of its kind to focus specifically on European military transformation and NEC.
Hossein Askari, Iran Professor of International Business and International Affairs
Middle East Oil Exporters: What Happened to Economic Development?
(Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006).
Foreword is by Nobel Laureate Robert M. Solow of MIT
"Hossein Askari argues here that economic and social failure in the oil-exporting countries of the Middle East is a result of much more than simply shortcomings in economic policies. He analyzes religion, corruption, instability, wars and foreign interference as factors affecting the region and offers solutions that incorporate Islamic teachings, regional peace efforts, market-oriented economic policies, sound institutions and unselfish policy support from the West."
"Middle East Oil Exporters presents a detailed picture of the economic structure and a critical survey of the recent economic performance of the Middle East. The focus is especially on the large oil-exporting nations, although the smaller producers are represented as well. The author illustrates how oil has become a crutch to avoid reforms, destroying the work ethic of the region, fuelling corruption and poisoning the social and cultural fabric of society to keep unpopular governments in power. In addition, he provides a view of the social, economic, and political implications of Islamic doctrine. In this context he examines the institutions of governance and determines that they have performed poorly, often in blatant violation of Islamic principles. This in-depth analysis is accompanied by a comprehensive prescription for a turnaround in the Middle East."
Edward D. Berkowitz, Professor of History and of Public Policy and Public Administration
Something Happened: A Political and Cultural Overview of the Seventies
(Columbia University Press, 2006).
In both the literal and metaphorical senses, it seemed as if 1970s America was running out of gas. The decade not only witnessed long lines at gas stations but a citizenry that had grown weary and disillusioned. High unemployment, runaway inflation, and the energy crisis, caused in part by U.S. dependence on Arab oil, characterized an increasingly bleak economic situation.
As Edward D. Berkowitz demonstrates, the end of the postwar economic boom, Watergate, and defeat in Vietnam led to an unraveling of the national consensus. During the decade, ideas about the United States, how it should be governed, and how its economy should be managed changed dramatically. Berkowitz argues that the postwar faith in sweeping social programs and a global U.S. mission was replaced by a more skeptical attitude about government's ability to positively affect society.
From Woody Allen to Watergate, from the decline of the steel industry to the rise of Bill Gates, and from Saturday Night Fever to the Sunday morning fervor of evangelical preachers, Berkowitz captures the history, tone, and spirit of the seventies. He explores the decade's major political events and movements, including the rise and fall of détente, congressional reform, changes in healthcare policies, and the hostage crisis in Iran. The seventies also gave birth to several social movements and the "rights revolution," in which women, gays and lesbians, and people with disabilities all successfully fought for greater legal and social recognition. At the same time, reaction to these social movements as well as the issue of abortion introduced a new facet into American political life-the rise of powerful, politically conservative religious organizations and activists.
Berkowitz also considers important shifts in American popular culture, recounting the creative renaissance in American film as well as the birth of the Hollywood blockbuster. He discusses how television programs such as All in the Family and Charlie's Angels offered Americans both a reflection of and an escape from the problems gripping the country.
Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Associate Professor of Public Administration and International Affairs
Converting Migration Drains into Gains: Harnessing the Resources of Overseas Professionals (co-edited with Clay Wescott; Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2006).
Developing country governments and international donors are taking notice of diasporas' potential contributions to economic development. Attention has primarily focused on the impressive totals of economic remittances, whose global estimates now outpace official development assistance: estimated at $70 billion per year in 2004, $125 billion in 2005, and $167 billion in 2006. More systematic research is required on diaspora contributions and strategic policies and programs to support them.
This volume seeks to contribute to this research agenda by analytically reviewing three case studies of diaspora knowledge exchange/transfer: Afghanistan, People's Republic of China, and the Philippines.
These provide empirical and anecdotal data relating to:
- knowledge exchange/transfer
- its potential relationship to economic remittances
- diaspora motivations, and
- home country policies and programs
The potential for diaspora knowledge exchange suggests greater opportunities for gain than may be currently recognized and realized.
David Campbell, Professorial Lecturer
Knowledge Creation, Diffusion and Use in Innovation Networks and Knowledge Clusters: A Comparative Systems Approach across the United States, Europe, and Asia
(Lead Editor Elias G. Carayannis, Professor of Technology, GWU School of Business, Praeger, 2006).
Knowledge does matter: but the question is when, how, and why. Moreover, with the advancements of economies and societies, knowledge matter even more and in ways that are not always predictable or even controllable. This book has been a journey of insight and discovery in the emerging global "knowledge village." Perspectives from and about different parts of the world and diverse human, socio-economic, technological and cultural contexts are presented and inter-woven to produce an emerging new worldview on how specialized knowledge that is embedded in a particular socio-technical context can be serve as the unit of reference for stocks and flows of a hybrid, public/private, tacit/codified, tangible/virtual good that represents the building block of knowledge economy, society and polity. GloCalizing (global/local) networks (a term, developed by Carayannis), coupling together different national innovation systems and trans-nationally linking heterogeneous networks of knowledge producers, knowledge carriers and knowledge users, are thus becoming crucial components of the global, real and virtual knowledge architectures and infrastructures.
Elizabeth Chacko, Associate Professor of Geography and International Affairs
Contemporary World Regional Geography: Global Connections, Local Voices
(With Michael Bradshaw, George White and Joseph Dymond. McGraw-Hill Publishers, 2006)
Following the award-winning first edition of Contemporary World Regional Geography, the second edition takes the text forward in major ways. It uses a comparative approach to world regional geography that anlayzes the effects of globalization on each world region. Few places or people eliminate local elements as a result of increasing global connections. The book highlights the similarities — and often, differences — in political, demographic, economic, cultural and environmental trends between major world regions, whle local voices inform us about responses to global connections and the significance of local identities in a rapidly globalizing world.
Herbert J. Davis, Professor of Strategic Management and International Affairs
Management in India: Trends and Transition
(co-edited with Samir R. Chatterjee and Mark Heuer, Sage Publications/Response Books, 2006).
This volume discusses the emerging changes in Indian management culture both at the macro and micro levels and their impact on domestic and multinational businesses based in India. While the Indian business scenario is changing rapidly, the attitude, orientation and practice of management has been slow to adapt. Indian managers have found it difficult to change policies both at the enterprise and the employee level to match an increasingly global and international environment.
This book discusses key issues such as: Indian management culture and emerging challenges; leadership styles and leadership issues that face Indian corporations; ethics and values and their impact on leadership and management culture; the issues confronting global corporations working in India; tackling human resources issues in the Indian context; and the emergence of the new global Indian manager.
Alvin S. Felzenberg, Professorial Lecturer
Governor Tom Kean: From the New Jersey Statehouse to the 9/11 Commission
Long before Bill Clinton spoke of "triangulation," a term that referred to a centrist governing style, prior to Tony Blair repositioning the British Labor Party midway between Thatcher conservatism and militant trade unionism, and far ahead of George W. Bush referring to his agenda as "compassionate conservatism," there was Tom Kean. From the moment of his election to the New Jersey state assembly in 1967, through his guidance of the 9/11 Commission nearly three decades later, Kean consistently displayed a knack for bipartisan leadership.
Starting from the example the governor set on the state level, Felzenberg's account traces Kean's career to positions of trusted authority on the national stage. After several years of advising presidents, Kean was appointed chairman of the 9/11 Commission. In this role, he made the bipartisan, Congressionally mandated commission one of the most successful in American history.
Drawing on interviews with Kean as well as with state and national leaders, including former presidents Gerald Ford and Bill Clinton and former New York City mayor Ed Koch, Felzenberg not only provides a marvelous biography, but also offers a unique look at American politics during the last four decades of the twentieth century.
Henry Hale, Assistant Professor of Political Science and International Affairs
Why Not Parties in Russia? Democracy, Federalism, and the State , (NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006).
Description from the publisher:
Russia has remained highly nonpartisan more than 15 years since Gorbachev first launched his democratizing reforms. The problem is that theories of democracy lack a "control case,"—almost always focusing on cases where parties have already developed and not examining countries where independent politicians are the norm. This book focuses on Russia as just such a control case to reveal why it "stands out." The country's historically influenced combination of federalism and "superpresidentialism", coupled with a postcommunist redistribution of resources, produced and sustained powerful "party substitutes" that have largely squeezed Russia's real parties out of the "electoral market."
Dane K. Kennedy, Elmer Louis Kayser Professor of History and International Affairs
Decentering Empire: Britain, India, and the Transcolonial World, (eds. Durba Ghosh and Dane Kennedy, Hyderabad: Orient Longman, 2006).
This volume charts a new direction in the study of British imperialism, its impact on India and other colonial territories, and its influence in propelling the forces of globalisation. Moving beyond the standard model of a bilateral circuit between imperial centre and colonial periphery, it highlights instead the web of transcolonial and transnational networks that spread across and beyond the empire, operating both on its behalf and against its interests. It suggests that these networks worked in effect to decentre empire, shaping the multidimensional contours of the global modernity we contend with today.
Decentring Empire brings together thirteen original essays by some of the leading scholars of British imperialism, their contributions offered in honour of Thomas R. Metcalf, the distinguished historian of colonial India. The essays range widely in scope, moving in time from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century, in space from India to Ireland and Australia and elsewhere across the imperial map, and in topic from economic, political, and social to medical, legal, and cultural concerns. Taken together, they demonstrate the analytical richness of current scholarship on British colonialism in India and elsewhere and give fresh insights into its role in the making of the modern world. This is history at the cutting edge, an important contribution to the ongoing debate about empire and its consequences.
Young-Key Kim-Renaud, Professor of Korean Language and Culture and International Affairs
P'ung'yohan pujae (Plentiful Absence) II, in Honor of Jin-Heung Kim, (Edited by Young-Key Kim-Renaud and Hoagy Kim, Seoul: Tosoch'ulp'an Salm kwa Kkum, Life and Dream Book Publishing Co.).
A tribute volume to celebrate the life and art of Jin-Heung Kim (1916-2005), with a pen-name of Paengnong, meaning 'The humble me of the Paektong branch of the Kangnung-Kim clan.' A financier who has made a major contribution to Korean banking as the longest tenured bank president in the ROK history, Kim was an amateur calligrapher and painter. Husband of the late Hahn Moo-Sook, a famous Korean novelist and member of the ROK Academy of Arts and Letters, he devoted his dozen years of solitude after her death to promote Korean art and culture in her honor. This commemorative volume, edited by Kim's first daughter, Young-Key Kim-Renaud, and his first son, Hoagy Kim, consists of three parts. The first contains 27 tribute essays by friends and distinguished figures in and beyond Korea, and the second part includes 13 remembrances by extended family members living in and outside Korea. The third part is a collection of Jin-Heung Kim's own published essays, reflections, and newspaper interviews, and unpublished letters with some dozen more essays, letters and remarks that his friends and family members dedicated to him while he was living.
James N. Rosenau, University Professor of International Affairs
The Study of World Politics, (Routledge, 2006).
The Study of World Politics is two volume set that presents thirty-nine essays of some two hundred essays authored by Professor James Rosenau, a renowned international political theorist. They include both articles recently published and those that have not previously been published. All of them focus on the theme of the study of world politics, with the twenty-three articles in this volume devoted to probing theoretical and methodological challenges.
The Study of World Politics provides the reader with access for the first time to a collection of James Rosenau's outstanding scholarship, making this an invaluable book to students and academics with interests in politics.
Dean Kostantaras, Professorial Lecturer
Infamy & Revolt: The Rise of the National Problem in Early Modern Greek Thought, (East European Monographs, Distributed by Columbia University Press, 2006).
Historians have long speculated on the role played by the Enlightenment in the rise of nationalism in Eastern Europe and the Balkans. The present volume offers a new perspective on this subject through an examination of the 'Greek Enlightenment,' its aspirations and its relationship to the larger European Republic of Letters. Scholars of seventeenth and eighteenth century Europe will gain access in these pages to rare and in some cases never before translated works from the time period; works that offer fresh and far-reaching insights into the nature, origin and development of nationalist movements.
Kristin M. Lord
The Perils and Promise of Global Transparency: Why the Information Revolution May Not Lead to Security, Democracy, or Peace, (Suny Press, NY 2006).
While the trend toward greater transparency will bring many benefits, Kristin M. Lord argues that predictions that it will lead inevitably to peace, understanding, and democracy are wrong. The conventional view is of authoritarian governments losing control over information thanks to technology, the media, and international organizations, but there is a darker side, one in which some of the same forces spread hatred, conflict, and lies. In this book, Lord discusses the complex implications of growing transparency, paying particular attention to the circumstances under which transparency's effects are negative. Case studies of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda and the government of Singapore's successful control of information are included.
Henry R. Nau, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs
Perspectives on International Relations: Power, Institutions and Ideas, (Congressional Quarterly Press, July 2006).
What motivates international terrorist organizations like al Qaeda? America's unprecedented hegemonic power? The spread of militant religious ideologies? A profound clash of civilizations? The legacy of troubled diplomatic relations in the Middle East? Among scholars, policymakers, and even heads of state there is no consensus, and much authentic disagreement. The judgment of each signifies a particular worldview, and says volumes about how each perceives relations between states and other actors.
Rather than foreclosing debate, Henry R. Nau's succinct textbook offers an accessible framework that enables readers to recognize and evaluate the different perspectives through which we try to make sense of international politics. Nau shows how each of the three most powerful perspectives on international relations today-realist, liberal, and identity, including constructivist-illuminates the great events of history and interprets the most important problems facing the world, showing in a balanced and evenhanded way what each has to offer, and where its vulnerabilities lie. Nau provides comprehensive coverage of security, economic, human rights and environmental concerns, yet does so concisely and in an engrossing narrative style that both students and a wider public readership will appreciate.
Marie Price, Associate Professor of Geography and International Affairs and Chair, Geography Department
Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World, (Co-authored with Les Rowntree, Martin Lewis, and William Wyckoff, Prentice Hall, 2006).
Globalization and Diversity is an exciting contemporary approach to World Regional Geography that explicitly acknowledges the geographic changes that accompany today's rapid rate of globalization. The book's unique approach gives students access to the latest ideas, concepts and theories in geography while concurrently developing a strong foundation in the fundamentals of world regions. The book helps professors engender a strong sense of place and an understanding of the connections within and between world regions.
Globalization and Diversity is a briefer version of the popular Diversity Amid Globalization by the same authors. This distillation focuses on core materials that professors and students need in a World Regional Geography course. This process resulted in a dramatic reduction of boxed materials, a consolidation of end-of-chapter materials, and a paring of the chapter length of di scussion in the body of the text. The resulting condensed book will be a useful tool for those instructors interested in a briefer text or for those instructors who are concerned about the reading ability of their students.
Susan K. Sell, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs
Intellectual Property Rights: A Critical History, (2006, Lynne Rienner Publishers)
(Co-author Christopher May)
With intellectual property widely acknowledged today as a key component of economic development, those accused of stealing knowledge and information are also charged with undermining industrial innovation, artistic creativity, and the availability of information itself. How valid are these claims? Has the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) Agreement ushered in a new, better era? Christopher May and Susan Sell trace the history of social conflict and political machinations surrounding the making of property out of knowledge.
Ranging from ancient commerce in Greek poems to present-day controversies about on-line piracy and the availability of AIDS drugs in the poorest countries, May and Sell present intellectual property law as a continuing process in which particular conceptions of rights and duties are institutionalized; each settlement prompts new disputes, policy shifts, and new disputes again. They also examine the post-TRIPs era in the context of this process. Their account of two thousand years of technological advances, legal innovation, and philosophical arguments about the character of knowledge production suggests that the future of intellectual property law will be as contested as its past.
David Shambaugh, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs and Director, China Policy Program
Power Shift, (Editor, The University of California Press, January 2006)
The dynamics of international relations in Asia are undergoing broad and fundamental changes that are reverberating around the world. Primary among the catalysts of change in the region is the rise of China as the engine of regional economic growth, as a major military power, as a significant voice in regional diplomacy, and as a proactive power in multilateral institutions. With in-depth assessments by seventeen of the world's leading experts on China's foreign relations, this groundbreaking volume offers the most timely, up-to-date, and comprehensive analysis of China's emerging influence on international relations in Asia.
China Watching: Perspectives from Europe, Japan, and the United States. Co-editors Robert Ash and Seiichiro Takagi (Routledge Contemporary China Series, 2006)
China Watching analyzes the state of European, Japanese and American scholarship on China over the last decade. The international team of contributors explore the main subjects and trends in research being done on contemporary Chinese politics, economy, foreign affairs and security studies. They contrast the substance and conclusions of this research in Europe, Japan, and the United States, contributing to topics that are hotly debated among China watchers worldwide. The book provides a unique insight into the world of China studies as well as China itself, and will appeal to those with an interest in Chinese politics, economics, foreign policy and security studies.
Paul Williams, Visiting Associate Professor of International Affairs
British Foreign Policy under New Labour, 1997-2005 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006)
This important new study provides a critical analysis of the foreign policies conducted during the first two terms of Tony Blair's government. It focuses upon the government's key foreign policy commitments; three of its most important international relationships (with the US, the European Union, and Africa); and how Blair's government dealt with five fundamental policy issues (political economy, defence, international development, intervention, and Iraq). It argues that throughout this period Labour's foreign policies attempted to paper over some important contradictions.
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